Oil prices fell sharply on July 19 after OPEC+ overcame internal divisions and agreed to boost output, sparking concerns about a crude surplus as COVID-19 infections rise in many countries.
Brent crude was down $2.54, or 3.4%, at $71.05 a barrel by 1235 GMT. U.S. oil was down $2.64, or 3.6%, at $69.17 a barrel. Both benchmarks recorded their largest declines since early April.
OPEC+ ministers agreed on July 18 to increase oil supply from August to cool prices that this month hit their highest level in more than two years as the global economy recovers from the COVID-19 pandemic.
The group of members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and allies such as Russia also agreed new production shares from May 2022.
"Longer-term, free and additional production capacities from OPEC+ countries are the key reason why we see oil moving lower again," said Julius Baer analyst Carsten Menke.
"We remain confident that the oil market is in the final phase of its upcycle."
Goldman Sachs, however, said it remained bullish on the outlook for oil and the agreement was in line with its view that producers "should focus on maintaining a tight physical market all the while guiding for higher future capacity and disincentivising competing investments."
But PVM Oil analyst Tamas Varga sounded a note of caution on the pace of the expected recovery of demand from the pandemic.
"The global COVID situation is turning dire again and it understandably makes investors wary although it must be stressed that restrictions are being eased in other parts of the world."
OPEC+ last year cut output by a record 10 million barrels per day (MMbbl/d) as the pandemic hollowed out demand, prompting a collapse in prices with U.S. oil futures prices at one point falling into negative territory.
OPEC+ producers have gradually eased their output curbs, which now stand at around 5.8 MMbbl/d.
To overcome internal divisions, OPEC+ agreed new production quotas for several members from May 2022, including the UAE, Saudi Arabia, Russia, Kuwait and Iraq.
2023-10-02 - For the upcoming week, Stratas Advisors predicts oil prices will have a downward bias, in part because of concerns about economic growth and oil demand.
2023-09-21 - Stratas Advisors still holds the view that oil prices will not break through $100/bbl this year.
2023-09-18 - Concerns about the global economy will be a counterforce on oil prices, says Stratas Advisors' John Paisie.
2023-10-16 - For the upcoming week, Stratas Advisors predicts efforts to reduce Iranian crude exports won’t occur, however there is still a risk that supply disruption will put upward pressure on oil prices.
2023-11-01 - The Energy Information Administration also reported that gas production in the Lower 48 also set a record.