The more things change, the more they really, really change.
In November 1980, the first IBM personal computer was about a year away from launch, almost all telephones were connected to a wall and the average price of crude oil was $35.09/bbl—$122.93/bbl if adjusted for inflation.
Technology was big back then, but so was oil. The No. 1 company by market capitalization was IBM, valued at $34.6 billion ($128.12 billion in 2023), according to City Index. Telecommunications giant AT&T was No. 2 at $33.4 billion ($123.68 billion).
Six of the eight companies that followed to round out the top 10 of 1980 were oil companies, and they accounted for 55% of the largest companies’ market cap. The other two were General Motors, maker of vehicles that ran on refined oil products, and DuPont, maker of chemicals derived from oil products.
Investing in public companies was facilitated by brokers, almost all men, who wore vests, wide ties and suspenders to hold up pleated slacks. If you wanted to make money in the market and were willing to take more risk than IBM or Ma Bell could offer, you would contact a broker and tell him you wanted to be … drumroll … an oil and gas investor.
Those investments made sense because the global economy back then ran on energy that was overwhelmingly supplied by fossil fuels. Just like now. Just like it’s been for the last 100 years or so.
Just like it was in 2000, when only Exxon Mobil and Shell represented energy in the top 10, accounting for 16% of the largest companies’ market cap. (In 1980, Exxon, Mobil and Shell combined accounted for 31%.)
Tech companies like Microsoft (PC software), Cisco (networks), Intel (chips), NTT Docomo and Nokia (phones) ruled. Exxon had purchased Mobil in 1999 and the combined value of the energy behemoths was dwarfed by Microsoft, a company missing from the 1980 list because it wasn’t traded until 1986.
Bill Gates’ baby was worth over $1 trillion in 2000 (in 2023 dollars), more than all top 10 companies’ combined value on the 1980 list. Now its value is around $2.5 trillion, and yet that comes well short of Apple’s $3.03 trillion.
Don’t give up
The list reflects profound changes in the world since 1980. The combined market cap for Exxon and Mobil then was an inflation-adjusted $193 billion. In 2000, Exxon Mobil’s market cap totaled $460.2 billion. In early October 2023, the company’s market cap was virtually the same at $464 billion and only one oil and gas company—state-owned Saudi Aramco—now ranks among the 10 largest companies in the world.
This is not exactly breaking news. Publicly traded oil and gas companies have struggled in the market for quite a while now. And if you want to note that Warren Buffet’s Berkshire Hathaway invested billions in Chevron and Occidental Petroleum, also note that 46% of the Oracle’s portfolio is in Apple.
An automaker still ranks among the largest companies, but it is Tesla, manufacturer of electric vehicles. The market cap of Tesla is roughly equal to the market cap of carmakers ranked No. 2 through No. 10, according to CompaniesMarketCap.com. Not General Motors, though; GM is only No. 12 on the automaker list, with a market cap of about $43 billion, or about 5.5% of Tesla’s.
It’s how the market perceives profitability in the energy transition. GM, after all, is doing well. It is No. 4 in revenue and No. 7 in earnings, just $1 billion behind Tesla in the four quarters ending June 30. But investors question whether it can compete in the new EV era, just as they question whether fossil fuel companies can compete as the energy transition continues to ramp up.
Portfolio manager David McAlvany believes fossil fuel companies can compete, at least in the natural gas space.
“The reality is, we’re looking at the most critical transition fuel in terms of the green energy transition,” he told BNN Bloomberg, the Canadian business channel, in mid-September. “We can’t go anywhere without natural gas, love it or hate it. This is where we’re at.”
He is skeptical that offshore wind will gain enough traction and be financially viable. And coal? Please.
“Natural gas is the way forward,” he insists.
But that’s foresight, and hindsight is so much more accurate. Only four of the largest companies by market cap in 1980 exist as entities today. One day, people may utter sentences like, “I remember when everybody used to have an iPhone.”
Don’t give up on fossil fuel investments just yet. Even suspenders have made a comeback.
2023-09-15 - Houston-based ConocoPhillips inked a commercial agreement to lock down additional regasification capacity for the Netherlands’ Gate LNG terminal.
2023-09-28 - A global LNG supply gap will begin to open up in the 2030s, according to a McKinsey & Co. analysis but the U.S. might lose its competitive edge if red tape, particularly around pipeline permitting, isn't addressed.
2023-10-31 - Chesapeake is furthering its LNG strategy, inking a long-term supply agreement with global commodities trader Vitol.
2023-10-24 - An "unprecedented surge" in LNG projects coming online from 2025 is set to add more than 250 Bcm per year of new capacity by 2030, the International Energy Agency said in its latest World Energy Outlook report.
2023-11-29 - Cheniere Energy Inc. and Cheniere Energy Partners LP entered into a 15-year integrated production marketing gas supply agreement with a subsidiary of Canada’s ARC Resources Ltd.