U.S. energy firms cut the number of oil and natural gas rigs operating for the first time in eight weeks, although the rig count rose for 12 straight months, amid an industry stampede to reward investors with share buybacks instead of boosting production.
The U.S. oil and gas rig count, an early indicator of future output, fell by three to 488 in the week to July 30, according to data from energy services firm Baker Hughes Co.
Despite this week’s decline, the total rig count was up 237, or 94%, over this time last year. It has also doubled from a record low of 244 in August 2020, according to Baker Hughes data going back to 1940.
U.S. oil rigs fell two to 385 this week, while gas rigs fell one to 103.
For the month, the total count rose 18, putting it up for a 12th month in a row for the first time since July 2017, while the oil rig count increased by 13, gaining for 11 consecutive months.
U.S. crude futures were trading around $74 per barrel with demand growing faster than supply. Earlier this month, oil prices rose to $76.98, their highest intraday trade since November 2014.
Prices have jumped over 50% this year but in a departure from previous boom cycles, shale producers releasing results this week have hunkered down to their previously stated plans for spending and production to provide greater investor returns by way of buybacks or dividends.
Top U.S. oil producer Exxon Mobil Corp. said its 2021 capital spending is expected to be at the lower end of its prior range but aims for more spending on key projects, including in the biggest U.S. shale basin in the Permian Basin, in the second half of this year.
Chevron Corp. said it cut its annual capital spending forecast to below last year’s. The second-largest U.S. producer said it expects output from the Permian to be almost same as last year’s, but will add drilling rigs in the second half of 2021.
U.S. oil output could take more than four years to reach pre-pandemic levels, oil producer Hess Corp. said on July 28, sticking to its spending plan despite rising demand to focus on shareholders returns.
For the month, drillers added 13 rigs, putting the count up for a 14th month in a row for the first time since July 2017, as rising oil prices have prompted drillers to return to the wellpad.
Spraberry Field producers in the Midland Basin announced by Headington Energy plus Chesapeake Marcellus Shale completions in Pennsylvania’s Wyoming County and another Exxon Mobil Guyana discovery top this week’s oil and gas drilling activity highlights from around the world.
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