Mexico’s new President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador said on Dec. 5 he will not cancel contracts issued to foreign and national oil companies by his predecessors but challenged them to pump oil quickly or no further oil fields will be offered.
Lopez Obrador took office on Dec. 1, promising to increase the government’s role in the energy industry and roll back what he described as a 36-year neo-liberal era in which successive governments gradually opened up the economy.
During the election campaign, he pledged to review the contracts for any signs of corruption. He and his team have not said they have uncovered any wrongdoing in the contracts already awarded.
“The contracts will not be canceled, so there won’t be a loss of confidence,” he told reporters at a daily news conference.
Under Mexican law, the independent oil regulator known as the National Hydrocarbons Commission (CNH) runs the auctions, supervises the contracts and is the only entity that can cancel the contracts.
How Lopez Obrador handles the energy industry will be one of the biggest challenges of his six-year term. He has promised to raise oil production from historic lows but has not fully clarified how—beyond promising more investment in the public sector.
During the transition the former Mexico City mayor battered stocks, bonds and the pesos with a series of abrupt policy changes. Despite efforts to reassure investors in recent days, markets have yet to recover lost ground.
Despite a promise in his inauguration speech to roll back the energy reform, the 65-year-old president did not rule out inviting more private sector investment in extracting oil from Mexico's untapped deepwater fields in the Gulf of Mexico.
Instead, he said companies that have already won contracts should hurry up with their investment and with pumping oil.
“We can’t keep on giving out territory for the extraction of hydrocarbons if there is no investment and there is no production,” he said, adding that he was opposed to companies “speculating” with the contracts.
“We want them to demonstrate that they are going to invest and produce oil. We will make a decision based on results,” he said, adding that there will be a three-year “truce,” without giving further details.
It can take years before investments turn into commercial-scale production. The last government said the 107 contracts could generate $161 billion of investment. Industry experts say it will be several years before significant amounts of crude flows from the projects.
According to CNH data, firms have committed hundreds of millions of dollars in exploration and other work plans approved by the regulator.
Lopez Obrador did not say whether he would postpone or cancel a round of auctions set for next February, though analysts have said the tenders are unlikely be carried out as scheduled.
The tenders cover 46 oil and gas blocks, including nine shale areas, in addition to partnership rights for seven onshore joint ventures with Pemex.
Not One Barrel
Mexico’s crude production fell to the lowest in decades under the previous government. Lopez Obrador says investment in state-owned oil company Pemex has declined as a result of the reform and private sector investment has not risen as a result.
Responding to a question about future deepwater oil auctions, Lopez Obrador said the projects had not produced “one barrel of oil.”
While the complicated deepwater projects snapped up by the likes of Royal Dutch Shell, Exxon Mobil Chevron and Total are still in the exploration phase, some onshore projects offered under the reform are now producing 13,400 barrels per day (bbl/d), official data shows.
That includes about 9,200 bbl/d from two onshore joint ventures with Pemex in which private partners operate the projects, plus another 4,200 bbl/d from projects operated by private producers.
Pemex produced about 1.76 million bbl/d in October after 14 consecutive years of decline.
Chesapeake Energy separately said in a filing it plans to operate six to eight drilling rigs for the next two years, about half the 14 rigs active on average in the first quarter, as it battles a historic downturn in oil prices.
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Norway-based consultancy DNV GL said global energy use would be 8% lower in 2050 than previously expected due to the impact of the pandemic.