Argentina's state-owned oil company YPF SA expects shale oil and gas production to grow 35% in 2018, as costs in the Vaca Muerta shale play continue to fall, CFO Daniel Gonzalez said on March 5.
Still, declining production in mature fields means overall hydrocarbon output will fall 2% to 3% in 2018 after a 5.3% reduction in 2017, Chairman Miguel Gutierrez said.
Gonzalez said the company planned to drill 100 wells in 12 different areas of Vaca Muerta this year, after drilling costs for horizontal wells fell to $1,390 per lateral ft in the fourth quarter compared with $2,270 in 2016 and $3,050 in 2015.
The company recently finished drilling its first 3,200-m long lateral well, and in February 2018 gas production in the 10,000-acre El Orejano area reached 5 million cubic meters per day, Gonzalez said on a conference call on March 5 after posting full-year 2017 earnings on March 2.
"YPF has a total acreage of close to 5.5 million acres, reaffirming the potential in Vaca Muerta is actually huge," Gonzalez said, adding that the company planned to launch five pilots in the Belgium-sized shale play this year, including one with Norway's Statoil ASA (NYSE: STO).
Argentina has the world's No. 2 shale gas and No. 4 shale oil reserves.
Argentina's government owes YPF $780 million in unpaid subsidies for increased natural gas production for 2017, Gonzalez said. The cash-strapped government has previously issued bonds to compensate oil companies for late payments, and Gonzalez said he expected a resolution "very soon."
"I would rather not comment at this point on what kind of payment tenure we are anticipating or what kind of interest rates we have in mind, but ... in the next few weeks we will be able to provide more detail," Gonzalez said.
Gonzalez said YPF Energia Electrica, YPF's electricity subsidiary being partly sold to General Electric Co. (NYSE: GE), has an implied valuation of $1.1 billion to $1.24 billion. GE plans to purchase a 25% stake in the subsidiary.
Gonzalez said the company is in talks with an unnamed third company about the sale of an additional 25% stake. Reuters reported in December that YPF was in talks with U.S. asset manager Blackstone Group LP about the additional stake.
Gutierrez added that YPF expects to name a new CEO before the next shareholders' meeting, which is scheduled for April 27. A six-member committee has run the company since former CEO Ricardo Darre resigned in August.
On March 2, the company posted a full-year 2017 profit of 12.7 billion pesos (US$627.16 million), rebounding from a 28.4 billion-peso loss in 2016.
A county in southwestern China has ordered a halt to shale gas mining amid fears it may have helped cause an earthquake in the area that killed two people, state news agency Xinhua reported.
Familiar trends will continue to resonate in the new year as Shale 2.0 becomes another year older.
Pointing to low recovery factors, Schlumberger’s Omer Gurpinar said bringing EOR methods to unconventionals is crucial for the industry.