The United Kingdom will not commit to halting new oil exploration in the North Sea, a government energy body told Reuters, despite a warning from the world’s top energy watchdog to rein in fossil fuels spending to achieve climate goals.
The U.K. is due to host the U.N. Climate Change Conference (COP26) in Glasgow, Scotland, in November and commissioned the International Energy Agency (IEA) to chart a path toward net-zero emissions by 2050.
The agency published its findings last week, but its recommendation that fossil fuel investment be halted sits uneasily with a deal the U.K. government reached in March to continue allowing North Sea offshore oil licensing in exchange for pledges to cut emissions.
“We are working hard to drive down demand for fossil fuels; however, there will continue to be ongoing demand for oil and gas,” the U.K. department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy said in response to emailed questions from Reuters.
“We will not be canceling licenses that were recently awarded. Any future licenses are only awarded on the basis that they are aligned with the government’s broad climate change ambitions, including the U.K.’s target of reaching net zero by 2050.”
The U.K. halted its latest licensing rounds for offshore exploration for technical reasons in March but said they would resume at an unspecified time.
The minister presiding over the COP26 conference, Alok Sharma, welcomed the IEA’s findings. Sharma last week said that the Paris-based watchdog’s report shares many of the U.K.’s priorities, including its desire to “consign coal power to history.”
A joint communique by the G7 group of the world's largest advanced economies, including the U.K., last week pledged “to phase out new direct government support for carbon-intensive international fossil fuel energy, except in limited circumstances at the discretion of each country.”
The Oil and Gas UK (OGUK) industry body said it agreed with the IEA’s call for more investment in renewable energy but that continued exploration under government scrutiny of emissions was in line with climate goals and supports UK jobs, the economy and energy transition.
“Stopping local exploration would be a major drawback for the energy transition under way,” OGUK Sustainability Director Mike Tholen said.
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