A Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman said on Oct. 8 that a decision by Poland to impose a hefty fine on Gazprom for its part in the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline project was taken to please Washington, Interfax news agency reported.
Poland on Oct. 7 fined the Russian gas giant more than 29 billion zlotys (US$7.6 billion) for building the pipeline without Warsaw's approval.
Russia's energy projects have become increasingly politicized since Moscow's annexation of Crimea from Ukraine in 2014. Russia accounts for around a third of natural gas supply to Europe.
The criticism against the ongoing Nord Stream 2 project, which critics say will increase Europe's reliance on Russian gas, has intensified following the alleged poisoning of a prominent Kremlin critic in August.
A spokeswoman for Russia's Foreign Ministry said the decision to fine Gazprom was driven by an intention to "implement the idea of setting up a gas hub for re-sale of American gas to eastern European countries," in order "to please Washington".
She also said the fine undermines European energy security, Interfax reported. Poland's government, foreign ministry and the anti-monopoly office were not immediately available for comment. The United States has raised its exports of sea-borne liquefied natural gas to Europe in recent years.
Construction of the 1,230-km Nord Stream 2 pipeline is complete barring a roughly 120 km final stretch in Danish waters.
Work stopped in December after pipe-laying company Swiss-Dutch Allseas suspended operations because of U.S. sanctions targeting companies providing vessels.
The Scoop and Stack plays are still in the money but only with improved well spacing and effective management of frac-driven interactions.
An increase in field development sanctions and subsea tiebacks as well as better project economics are helping bring the subsea sector back to life.
Emerson’s CTO says while it might be impossible to stop some sort of emissions leak, getting to them quicker can make all the difference.