MEXICO CITY,--Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador on June 7 criticized the moves by credit rating agency Fitch to downgrade the debt of Mexican oil company Pemex to "junk" status and also downgrade Mexico's sovereign debt.
"We respect their point of view, but feel they weren't professional, they weren't objective," Lopez Obrador told reporters at his daily morning news conference.
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On Thursday, Fitch changed Pemex's credit rating from investment grade to speculative grade, or "junk", with a negative outlook, a day after it downgraded Mexico's sovereign debt.
Fitch changed Pemex's credit rating from investment grade to speculative grade, or "junk", with a negative outlook, a day after it downgraded Mexico's sovereign debt.
The new rating for Pemex is BB+ and that of Mexico's sovereign debt BBB.
A second downgrade by Moody's, which rates the bonds one notch above junk, could result in as much as $16 billion of forced selling by investors whose mandates stipulate they must hold bonds of investment-grade quality.
Pemex called the move by Fitch "excessively severe" in a statement issued on Thursday evening.
"In contrast with the rating granted by Fitch Ratings, the company has implemented a series of responsible actions in favor of its fortification," Pemex said.
Pemex has $106 billion of financial debt, making it the most indebted oil company in the world, with investors warning earlier on Tuesday that a downgrade was imminent because the measures taken were not enough.
"A turnaround strategy is still missing," said Abbas Ameli-Renani, a global emerging markets portfolio manager at asset manager Amundi.
"The most supportive policy from the government would be tax breaks that would allow Pemex to become cash flow positive."
Mexico's government in May unveiled measures to help Pemex with its debts and gradually reduce its tax burden.
Fitch said the new classification would apply to about $80 billion worth of outstanding bonds that are held by investors ranging from pension funds to sovereign wealth funds.
"Although Pemex has implemented some cost cutting (measures) and received moderate tax cuts from Mexico, the company continues to severely underinvest in its upstream business, which could lead to further production and reserves decline," Fitch said in a statement.
"The very high level of transfers from Pemex to the Mexican government continues to significantly pressure Pemex's cash flow generation and reinvestment ability and weaken its standalone credit profile," it added.
If two of the three ratings agencies classify Pemex as "junk" it would become the largest fallen angel--the ignominious distinction for a borrower that descends from investment grade to junk - in history.
Occidental last month beat out Chevron Corp. to grab the oil industry’s biggest prize: nearly a quarter million acres in the Permian Basin, the top U.S. shale field.
In a double blow for Mexico, credit ratings agency Fitch downgraded the nation's sovereign debt rating on June 5, citing risks posed by heavily indebted oil company Pemex and trade tensions, while Moody's lowered its outlook to negative.
The parties must now renegotiate a deal that would transfer Breitburn's Permian reserves to investors including Elliott and WL Ross through their participation in a $775 million rights offering.