Exxon Mobil Corp.’s global oil and gas reserves tumbled by one-third in 2020 as the COVID-19 pandemic slammed global oil prices and demand, the company said Feb. 24.
The largest U.S. oil producer is reeling from the sharp decline in oil demand and a series of bad bets on projects when prices were much higher. The company slashed project spending by one-third last year, cut jobs and added to debt to cover its dividend.
Exxon’s reserves are at their lowest since the merger between Exxon and Mobil in 1999 and were “a result of very low prices during 2020 and the effects of reductions in capital expenditures,” the company said in a filing.
Total reserves for all products fell to 15.2 billion barrels (Bbbl) of oil and gas at the end of 2020 from 22.4 billion the year before, mostly driven by oil sands in Canada and U.S. shale gas properties, according to the filing.
Exxon cut the value of its shale gas properties by over $20 billion last year, most of them acquired in a 2010 merger with XTO Energy that had pushed its reserves up by about 2 Bbbl.
The plunge in its value of oil and gas properties was worse than during the 2014 through 2016 downturn, when Exxon had a 4.8 billion cut in its reserves.
The reserves Exxon removed could be added back in the future based on a recovery in oil prices, cost reduction or operating efficiencies, a company representative said.
The number of Exxon workers at the end of the year was 72,000, down from 74,900 at the end of 2019.
Exxon has said it could cut 14,000 employees and contractors, or 15% of its global workforce, by the end of 2021.
Earlier this month, it reported a net annual loss of $22.4 billion for 2020, compared with a full-year profit of $14.34 billion in 2019. Exxon had previously churned out profits since it merged with Mobil and through the 1980s oil bust.
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