[Editor's note: This story originally appeared in the March 2020 edition of E&P. Subscribe to the magazine here.] 

In their efforts to win back investor and analyst confidence, operators are going through their closets to see what no longer fits. Operators are increasingly finding that their water midstream assets don’t fit as well as they used to. During 2019 and into 2020, the likes of PDC Energy (which eventually merged with SRC Energy), Continental Resources, Noble Energy and Concho Resources, among others, all shed water management assets from supply lines to disposal wells.

The trend continued almost immediately when the calendar flipped to 2020. In January EOG Resources sold 23 saltwater disposal wells and 300 miles of gathering pipelines to Oilfi eld Water Logistics, according to a report in the Houston Chronicle.

Most agree that in the current oil and gas industry economic environment consolidation is both imminent and necessary. And as the multitude of shale wells start to age and produce more water, water management will continue to play a key role in operations.

However, as Shawn Maxson, principal and oilfi eld services practice lead at Deloitte, explained, for companies looking to maximize operational costs efficiencies, water midstream operations don’t come with the same margins as production growth.

“You don’t get the same level of return on investments in water management infrastructure that you do growing a new producing well,” he said. “There are better uses of capital, and there are companies out there that are more capable at optimizing their water management infrastructure and managing it on an ongoing basis.”

Maxson believes that more consolidation in the water midstream market will benefit the industry in the long term.

“Ultimately, it’s about scale,” he said. “Consolidation is a good thing from that perspective, as long as you have some alternatives that provide the capability to ensure the market is balanced.”

One such alternative could be joint ventures (JVs) between operators and water midstream companies. In July 2019, Concho Resources formed a JV with Solaris Water Midstream for produced water management in the northern Delaware Basin. In a case of two service providers joining forces, H2O Midstream and Layne Midstream signed a long-term contract in January 2019 to serve as the preferred water services provider for University Lands, covering water operations across 167,000 acres in the Delaware Basin. Those two deals are likely indicative of what the industry will see, particularly in the Permian Basin. It’s a dynamic that also could lead to new innovators entering the market and testing the waters.

“The majority of activity will be focused in the Permian,” Maxson said. “I think we’re going to continue to see small startups investing in innovative ways to deal with water recycling and reuse. Hopefully, we’ll start seeing some trends that move us more toward more efficient water management models.”

Over the next few years, operators are likely to discover the clothes in their closet are a bit more stylish and fit a bit better. As for what they decide to discard, deals are likely to be had for the enterprising midstream provider.