The U.S. oil and gas pipeline industry is looking for new opportunities to lay steel in the ground with pipes that carry the CO₂ produced when fossil fuels are burnt.

The midstream energy sector has clashed with climate campaigners who oppose pipeline projects as infrastructure that locks in greenhouse gas emissions. Wall Street is pushing the industry to show how it will adapt to demands for a lower-carbon world.

In response, pipeline operators are pointing to their potential as a link in carbon capture and storage (CCS) systems, in which CO₂ emissions are trapped in underground reservoirs where they can be kept out of the atmosphere. Pipelines would move CO₂ from industrial flues to the reservoirs.

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