Russia's government has ordered companies to reduce oil output in the second quarter to ensure they meet a production target of 9 MMbbl/d by the end of June in line with its pledges to OPEC+, three industry sources said on March 25.

Earlier this month, Russian Deputy Prime Minister Alexander Novak said that Russia would cut its oil output and exports by an additional 471,000 bbl/d in the second quarter, in coordination with some members of the Organization of the Petroleum Countries and allied producers (OPEC+).

Russia plans to gradually ease the export cuts and focus on only reducing output. Novak has not provided the targeted level for output, but production would drop to almost 9 MMbbl/d in June if the reduction is implemented as planned.

The sources, who declined to be named because they were not authorized to speak publicly, said the government had given specific targets to each company, indicating its intention to meet its OPEC+ pledge to cut output to support international oil prices.

Russia's Energy ministry declined to comment. Alexander Novak's press office did not reply to Reuters' request for comment.

Reuters sources said the production cuts would facilitate a seasonal peak in maintenance at refineries, many of which had already reduced fuel production as a result of outages and Ukrainian drone attacks.

Novak late last month said Russian oil output was 9.5 MMbbl/d.

Russian oil and gas condensate production have declined from an annual peak of 11.7 MMbbl/d in 2019 to around 10.8 MMbbl/d in recent months as a result of coordinated actions with OPEC.

Russia decided not to disclose statistics on crude oil production as it treated large amounts of data as classified following the start of what it calls a special military operation in Ukraine in February 2022.

Russian oil production in April, May and June is set to fall by around 3.6%, 4.1% and 4.9% respectively from March, in line with Russia's promises to voluntary reduce production, the data provided by sources and Reuters calculations showed.

Novak has said Russia will reduce output by an extra 350,000 bpd in April, with exports will be cut from March levels by 121,000 bbl/d. In May, output will be cut by 400,000 bbl/d and exports by another 71,000 bbl/d. In June, all the additional cuts will be from oil output.

That does not include production of gas condensate, a type of very light oil, which in 2023 was around 1.3 MMbbl/d.