Rating agency Moody’s said on May 28 that the credit risk of major oil producers has increased with recent events including Royal Dutch Shell Plc losing a Dutch climate lawsuit this week and Exxon Mobil Corp. losing a battle with shareholders.
Chevron Corp. also lost a vote to shareholders demanding it cut emissions further.
“These actions represent a substantial shift in the landscape for oil companies, which had previously prevailed in courts, and largely fend off significant shareholder votes, on climate related matters,” Moody's said.
Moody’s said it considered Exxon Mobil losing board members to an activist hedge fund over its energy transition strategy the most important development because it “likely presages similar results in future board elections at other U.S. oil companies.”
“The increasing potential for ever more stringent investor climate- and emissions-related investment thresholds are likely to lead to higher capital costs and diminished access to capital for oil companies that do not keep pace with investors’ expectations for transitioning to a low carbon business model.”
Gains are reined in by fears of a slowing Chinese economy.
Turkey has resumed imports of Iranian crude oil after a one-month hiatus in November when U.S. sanctions on Iran were reimposed, trading and shipping sources said.
Russia should not unleash an oil price war against the United States but rather stick with output cuts even at the cost of losing market share in the medium term, one of the main Russian architects of a production pact with OPEC said.