Exxon Mobil has announced its majority-owned affiliate, Imperial Oil Ltd., is moving forward with plans to produce renewable diesel at a new complex at its Strathcona refinery in Edmonton, Canada.
Once construction is complete, the refinery is expected to produce approximately 20,000 bpd of renewable diesel, which could reduce emissions in the Canadian transportation sector by about 3 million metric tons per year (MMmt/y). The complex will utilize locally grown plant-based feedstock and hydrogen with carbon capture and storage (CCS) as part of the manufacturing process, Exxon Mobil said Aug. 25.
“Canada’s proposed low-carbon fuel policies incentivize the development of lower-emission fuels that can make meaningful contributions to the hard-to-decarbonize sectors of the economy, including transportation,” said Ian Carr, president of Exxon Mobil Fuels & Lubricants Co. “The Strathcona project is an example of how well-designed policies allow us to leverage our existing global facilities for capital efficiency, utilize our proprietary catalyst technology and bring our decades of processing experience to develop low-emission fuels.”
The renewable diesel production process will utilize blue hydrogen, which is produced from natural gas with carbon capture and storage. Production of blue hydrogen has been shown to have substantially reduced greenhouse gas emissions compared to conventionally produced hydrogen. Approximately 500,000 metric tons of CO2 is expected to be captured each year utilizing CCS. The blue hydrogen and biofeedstock will be combined with a proprietary catalyst to produce premium low-carbon diesel fuel.
Joe Blommaert, president of Exxon Mobil Low Carbon Solutions, said his company is seeing "increased momentum" for projects that include hydrogen and biofuels.
“We strongly support an economy-wide price on carbon because it is the most efficient approach to changing behaviors and accelerating investments in low-emission technology. However, Canada’s Clean Fuel Regulation could be a model for other countries considering a sectoral approach," he said.
A final investment decision will be based on several factors, including government support and approvals, market conditions and economic competitiveness. Imperial's potential investment in the project was not disclosed. However, the company will lead the project, which is expected to create about 600 direct construction jobs. Renewable diesel production is anticipated to start in 2024.
Based on an analysis of California Air Resources Board data, renewable diesel from various non-petroleum feedstocks can provide life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions reductions of approximately 40% to 80% compared to petroleum-based diesel. The Environmental Protection Agency estimates that reducing 3 MMmt of greenhouse gases is equivalent to taking more than 650,000 passenger vehicles off the road for one year.
The Strathcona renewable diesel project is part of ExxonMobil’s plans to provide more than 40,000 barrels per day of low-emissions fuels by 2025. In the United States, the company has agreed to purchase up to 5 million barrels of renewable diesel annually from Global Clean Energy to supply markets in California. Chemically similar to petroleum-based diesel, renewable diesel can be readily blended for use in engines on the market today.
In February, Exxon Mobil established a Low Carbon Solutions business to commercialize low-emission technologies, including CCS, biofuels and hydrogen.
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