Exxon Mobil Corp. doubled its first-quarter per-share profit, it said on April 29, but the results fell short of Wall Street estimates, even excluding a $3.4 billion writedown from its withdrawal from Russia.
The top U.S. oil producer tripled the size of its buyback program, similar to other energy giants like TotalEnergies that are sending more cash back to shareholders. Exxon said it will repurchase up to $30 billion in shares by the end of next year, compared with its earlier estimates for $10 billion in repurchases.
Exxon reported net income of $5.48 billion, or $1.28 per share, in the three months ended March 31, compared with $2.73 billion, or 64 cents per share, last year.
The company's adjusted earnings per share came to $2.07, short of the Refinitiv consensus for $2.12 a share, while revenue came in at $90.5 billion, below the $92.7 billion consensus.
U.S. oil majors were hurt by price volatility in fuel markets in the quarter, according to consultancy Palissy Advisors. Heavy market volatility caused both Chevron and Exxon had a negative effect on downstream results due to swift changes in prices between the time when feedstock was purchased and products were sold.
"The market is very volatile now," said Anish Kapadia, energy director at Palissy. "You are also starting to see the cost of inflation" affecting companies, he said.
The results included a $3.4 billion after-tax hit on the oil major's Russia Sakhalin-1 operation, which it said it would exit on March 1, shortly after Moscow's invasion of Ukraine on Feb. 24.
Exxon's writedown follows others oil majors exiting Russia after the Ukraine invasion. BP Plc and Shell have flagged up to $25 billion and $5 billion in writedowns from leaving their Russian businesses, respectively.
Exxon has been trying to boost output in its primary development areas, the U.S. Permian basin, and in Guyana, the tiny South American nation that has seen windfall oil discoveries in recent years and where Exxon has two major offshore developments.
Notably, the company's refining division posted much weaker results from the previous quarter, with earnings of $332 million, compared with $1.5 billion in the fourth quarter. The company said the sharp rise in prices ended up costing $1.3 billion of "negative timing impacts," including $760 million in mark-to-market effects on open derivatives positions.
The company said those losses will be unwound when it makes certain physical sales.
Exxon's output of crude and other liquids including bitumen and synthetic oil was 2.3 million barrels per day, a 5% drop from the previous quarter. Natural gas production fell by 1.5%.
Exxon's shares were down 1.1% to $86.25 in premarket trading.
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