Energy data and analytics firm Drillinginfo forecasts about $17.3 billion in water investment will be needed in the Permian Basin, the biggest oil field in the U.S., by 2025 to sustain activity.

Driving the spend are disposal needs for produced water, which has increased along with production growth.

“Water processing and operations can have a significant impact on any operators’ LOE [lease operating expense],” said Akash Sharma, a senior petroleum engineering analyst and consultant for Drillinginfo. Understanding that from various standpoints—including disposal, trucking and treatment—is crucial, he added.

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