With more than 2,000 gigawatts (GW) of technical wind resource potential, the winds over open waters off the United States are capable of producing about twice the generating capacity of all U.S. electric power plants combined, according to the Department of Energy.

However, tapping part of that will require overcoming challenges—seen as opportunities by offshore wind energy players—for the budding U.S. offshore wind sector. Executives and regulators involved in offshore wind discussed projects underway and what is needed to bring such projects to fruition as the world moves toward cleaner forms of energy.

Challenges faced include policy and permitting, the environment and metocean conditions, and infrastructure.

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