Britain on July 31 committed to granting hundreds of licenses for North Sea oil and gas extraction as part of efforts to become more energy independent, drawing criticism from environmental campaigners.
Prime Minister Rishi Sunak confirmed plans for more than 100 such licenses, which attracted bids earlier this year and said hundreds of future licenses could also be granted.
He also announced fresh support for two carbon capture and storage (CCS) clusters in Scotland and northern England.
Britain has a target to reach net-zero emissions by 2050, but Prime Minister Rishi Sunak said even by this date the country is expected to get more than a quarter of its energy from oil and gas.
He said new domestic fossil fuels would help to improve energy security and reduce reliance on states such as Russia.
"We have all witnessed how (Russia's President) Putin has manipulated and weaponised energy... Now more than ever, it’s vital that we bolster our energy security," he said in a statement. British efforts to reach the net-zero target have become a sharp dividing line between the governing Conservatives and the opposition Labour Party ahead of an election expected next year, with Sunak saying it should be met in a "pragmatic" way that does not add to household bills. The government argues that stemming the decline in domestic supply would reduce the carbon footprint when compared with an alternative option of importing liquefied natural gas, however it is facing legal challenges from climate activists and green groups who warn increasing fossil output is at odds with the goal.
Sunak said the new licenses were compliant with the government's environmental targets.
The North Sea Transition Authority (NSTA) regulator expects the first of the new licenses to be awarded in the autumn. It is still evaluating 115 bids from producers for fields in the ongoing licensing round which closed in January. Sunak, who will visit an energy infrastructure site in Scotland on July 31, said the new CCS clusters would also help support thousands of jobs.
The plans were welcomed by energy companies, including Shell and Harbour Energy, who are among the partners in the Acorn CCS project which will gain so-called Track 2 status and can now enter into commercial negotiations with the government. Harbour's Viking CCS project to store CO2 in the depleted gas fields has also been awarded Track 2 status.
Britain aims to use CCS technology, which involves capturing planet-warming carbon from industrial smokestacks before it hits the atmosphere and storing it underground, to hold 20 million to 30 million tonnes of CO2 by 2030.
There currently is no large-scale or commercial CCS project operating in Britain, and the government has faced criticism for slow progress on its deployment. Mike Childs, head of policy at Friends of the Earth said the CCS announcement was an attempt to put a green gloss on the new licenses.
"CCS won’t capture all the climate pollution caused by burning fossil fuels," he said.
The government also on Monday launched a call for evidence to collect views on taxes in the oil and gas sector "to design a long-term fiscal regime which delivers predictability and certainty".
A windfall tax, introduced last year as energy prices soared, bringing the total tax on oil and gas producers to 75%, prompted producers such as TotalEnergies (TTEF.PA) and Harbour to cut investment in the basin, or shun the ongoing licensing round.
The government recently tweaked the tax saying it will be scrapped if prices fall to normal levels for a sustained period.
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